MİMARLIK
395
MAYIS-HAZİRAN 2017
 
MİMARLIK'tan

MİMARLIK DÜNYASINDAN

  • Dünden Bugüne Fikirtepe
    Duygu Parmaksızoğlu, Antropolog, New York Şehir Üniversitesi Antropoloji Bölümü Doktora Öğrencisi

YAYINLAR



KÜNYE
İNGİLİZCE ÖZET / ENGLISH SUMMARY

Mimarlık 395. | May-June 2017

MİMARLIK AGENDA

Referendum and the Issue of Legitimacy / Eyüp Muhcu

The author states that the changes approved in the referendum were not demanded by the people, but brought forward by the ruling party. 87 % of the population voted in the referendum, where metropolises like Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir said “No” to show their disapproval of the harshly applied urban transformation practices, and plundered urban and environmental values. On the other hand, rural areas with inadequate educational, health, and infrastructural services have a high rate of “Yes” votes.

AGENDA

Fikirtepe from Yesterday to Today / Duygu Parmaksızoğlu

The 'transformation' that started in 2011 at Fikirtepe is still presented as a project for the benefit of those living in the region, which, in fact, is an illusion. In February, the project has once again been blessed with the 'groundbreaking ceremony', although the buildings in some of the parcels have already been completed.  The author, who has been in the process since the first day, argues that although the project does not progress to the benefit of Fikirtepe, the good side is that the process has strengthened the practice of unity and consolidation by strengthening the meaning of civil society.

No to Occupational Murders! / S. Murat Çakır

When we look at the March report of the Workers’ Health and Work Safety Assembly, construction is at the forefront as the sector with the highest number of worker deaths, a percentage of 20 %. Questioning the implications of “occupational accident” and “occupational murder”, the author particularly addresses the unionization as one of the steps to be taken to prevent further incidents.

Old Gas Plant Dismantling: Worker Health, Public Health and Legal Issues / Arif Müezzinoğlu

One of the few industrial heritage buildings in Ankara, the old Gas Plant was eventually pulled down last year in February.  Professional organizations and experts have raised their voices and created public awareness about the demolition process that was carried out without taking the necessary precautions against the high amounts of asbestos found in the old factory building. The author draws attention to the harms of asbestos and gives tips on how the process should have actually been carried out.

This Hospital Makes the City Sick! Looking at City Hospitals from a Planning Perspective / H. Tarık Şengül

The construction processes of city hospitals continue to progress in the shadow of ongoing debates. Projects are being carried out all over the country without trying out a single example beforehand to see how such projects will work or how they will affect the city. The author notes that the city hospitals are seen as a 'business' to bring in money and that their particular effects on cities are not calculated.

AWARD

RCR Arquitectes Wins Pritzker Prize 2017: Finding the Balance between Space and Nature through Transparency

This is the first time that three architects have been awarded the Pritzker Prize, one of the most prestigious awards in architecture. The annual award is given to Rafael Aranda, Carme Pigem and Ramon Vilalta, founders of the Spanish office RCR Arquitectes, who have been working together since 1988.  The award ceremony, held each year in a prestigious venue in a different country, will be held at the Akasaka Palace in Tokyo on 20 May 2017.

COMMEMORATION: MARUF ÖNAL

Maruf Önal as the Professor-Architect - I

Maruf Önal, in his thirty years of academic life, taught and produced on a thin line between being an "architect-academician" and a "practicing-architect-academician." What were his principles and contributions? As a GSA graduate, how did he manage the transition process from Yıldız Technical High School to the Yıldız Technical University both as an administrator and an instructor? On January 25, 2017, Serhat Başdoğan, Harun Batırbaygil, Güven Şener and two members of the Memorial Committee, Afife Batur and Bülend Tuna, came together to search for possible answers. We will be publishing these insightful conversations in two parts, which can also be read at mimarlikdergisi.com.

ARCHITECTURAL CRITICISM

A Phenomenological Reading: T-Evi / Özlem Erdoğdu Erkarslan

T-Evi, awarded in “Building Category” of 2016 National Architecture Awards, due to “establishing serene and local relations with the geographic context; developing a concern for the climate, the user and the existing nature; being able remain modest while questioning and updating the symbolic and familiar in “new” rural architecture, with choice of material, structure and building technology; the interpretation of inside-outside with the spatial configuration of the house; and the success in the execution of mutual relations between the detailing and the whole within the act of building.” Since this house was built solely by a family on their own unoccupied land, the author establishes the conceptual framework of criticism as persistence and use phenomenology as her method.

INTERVIEW

On Architecture and Education with Habraken / Interview: Deniz İncedayı, Mehmet Şahinler

Prof. Dr. N. John Habraken, is a valuable Professor and a Master, who has been working in the area of architecture and urban design, proposing new methods of design supporting participation and user involvement. While he was leading the Department of Architecture in Massachusetts Institute of Technology he established a course titled ‘thematic design’ which poses an alternate theory and methodology focusing on the dimension of time and flexibility in tthe design process. According to Prof. Habraken, the integration of the theoretical knowledge into the design field needs the decision and support of the architect. Changing the methods fundamentally, this alternate approach has been an instrument to the developments and best examples of ‘Open Building’ movement. In his book, The Structure of the Ordinary Prof. Dr. Habraken investigates the laws for the governance of the built environment obtained by the transformations of patterns and typologies. His book ‘Palladio’s Children’ is an attempt to question why the architects do not know how to deal with the everyday environment. We visited Prof. Dr. John Habraken on 3rd March 2017, at his home in the Netherlands in Apelsdoorn, which has been designed by himself for his parents, as a young architect.

COMPETITIONS

Bornova Evka 3 Social Center and Transfer Station Architectural Project Competition    

To obtain an environmentally sensitive "Social Center and Transfer Station" that is also a contemporary and participatory complex flexible enough to respond to the future needs, the İzmir Metropolitan Municipality organized an architectural competition. In the free, national and single stage competition, 100 projects were evaluated, 3 awards and 6 mentions were given.

PRESERVATION / REVITALISATION

Wooden Mosques in the Black Sea Region: Trabzon Example / Tülay Zorlu

The author offers a detailed documentation of wooden mosques that are specific examples of the Black Sea construction tradition that has been using wood as the basic building material for thousands of years and has developed many unique techniques.

INTERIOR DESIGN

“Inter”nalizing Modern Architecture: Student Projects by Sadun Ersin and Önder Küçükerman / Umut Şumnu

Turkey's struggle with modernism and the establishment of the interior design as a discipline constitutes an important historiographical reading. Evaluating this process through student projects of two significant figures, the author argues that the returning of the first generation interior designers to GSA after their education abroad, and lectures given by architects were important shifting moments in this era. 

DIGITAL DESIGN

Questioning a Manifesto: Parametricism / Selin Oktan, Serbülent Vural

With the development of digital technology, methods and processes of design and production are also undergoing a complete transformation. Authors reading this process through parametric design discuss the idea that “the use of computers as a "tool” came to an end, and in the following era, the computers will act as a “partner” within the design process.”

DESIGN FOR ALL

'Disability' as the 'Exceptional State' of Architecture / Ezgi Tuncer Gürkaş

Usage problems arise when buildings were built in accordance with established standards based on "young, healthy, fit and relatively tall" individuals, in abstract terms, for a “non-person”.  Contextualizing disability as a form of existence and criticizing its treatment in the field of architecture, the text emphasizes that the consideration of the disabled is not a kind of sensitivity and should be accepted as a human right issue.

HOUSING

Modernism learning from “Tinplate”: İzmir Ege Neighborhood Social Houses / Kıvanç Kılınç

Contrary to the social housing projects that are produced in accordance with “the values ​​and the lives of an idealized, modern middle-class nuclear family,” İzmir Ege Neighborhood is a project sensitive to the wishes of the users. The author, examining the project presenting flexible solutions to the housing problem, exemplifies a localization practice in which the users deconstruct provided models.

ARCHITECTURE OF THE REPUBLICAN PERIOD

On a Lost Early Republican Heritage: Erzurum Halkevi / Neslihan Kulözü

Halkevi, which was seen as educational institutions that would allow people to adopt the ideology of the Republic, were also one of the focal points of social life in the cities. Examining Erzurum Halkevi building, which was destroyed in 2012, the author focuses on the history of the structure in order to prevent its erosion from the urban memory.

CONTACT

Between Architecture and Poetry: Archipelago Cinema / Deniz Dilan Kara

The Archipelago Cinema, designed by the German architect Ole Scheeren, was considered as a temporary platform for a film festival in Thailand and later placed in the Nai Pi Lae Lagoon on Kudu Island. This floating cinema with its simple design and specific design understanding presents a particular viewpoint about discussions on context.

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