409
EYLÜL-EKİM 2019
 
MİMARLIK'tan

MİMARLIK DÜNYASINDAN

  • “Mimarlıkla Hocalığı Birlikte Gerçekleştirirdi”
    Sema Soygeniş, Prof. Dr., Bahçeşehir Üniversitesi Mimarlık ve Tasarım Fakültesi Dekanı
    Murat Soygeniş, Prof. Dr., S+ ARCHITECTURE Kurucu Ortağı, Bahçeşehir Üniversitesi Mimarlık ve Tasarım Fakültesi Öğretim Üyesi

YAYINLAR



KÜNYE
İNGİLİZCE ÖZET / ENGLISH SUMMARY

Mimarlık. 409 | September-October 2019

 

MİMARLIK AGENDA

The Nature-Eating AKP Regime / Aykut Çoban

“The unfounded grounds for justifying the destruction of nature have kept reoccurring without undergoing any change for thirty years: development, elimination of foreign debt deficit, job creation, reduction of poverty… Despite all the mines, dams, HPPs, TPPs, tourism investments, vacant residences, a third airport, a third bridge and so on”, the writer draws attention to the fact that Turkey is still struggling to develop. He also reminds us that the next generation, who will be suffocated under a huge wreck, will have to account for all this collapsing.

COMMEMORATION

In The Wake of Mehmet Ali Yardımoğlu / Bekir Gerçek

One of the founding members of the Trabzon branch of the Chamber of Architects, who had taught in the architecture faculties of Karadeniz Technical University, Eurasia University and Gazi University and had worked as the 31st Term Secretary General of the Executive Board and as a member of the Editorial Committee, Mehmet Ali Yardımoğlu (Özkan) - whose registration number is 7346 - passed away on 23 July 2019. Bekir Gerçek, the former president of the Trabzon branch of the Chamber of Architects, wrote a text in memoriam.

AGENDA

The Urban Revolution of Political Islam and the Possibilities of Socialist Urban Politics after Local Elections / Bülent Batuman

Following the Istanbul municipal re-elections of 23 June, the local election process has finally come to an end. Stating that the way to reflect socialist policies in the city passes through the “transformation of the municipality from a neo-liberal machine into a collective mechanism”, this author examines those public places he describes as “places of encounters” as a potentially important enclave for urban collectivity.

Avoiding Disasters: A Strategy for Coexistence and Protection from Floods / Murat Balamir

Following disasters which took place during the summer in cities such as Samsun, Artvin and Trabzon, one of the biggest recent floods took place in Düzce on 17-18 July. Settlements that have become vulnerable to disasters and unsafe to live in due to unscientific practices constitute a serious threat because of the transforming ecosystem. The writer argues that instead of reducing the risks of disasters with a less costly “avoidance” method, an effort is made to “dress the wound”. The author also discusses the measures that can be taken on an urban scale.

Commemorating the 20th Anniversary of the Marmara Earthquakes: Are Our Cities Ready to Sustain Natural and Environmental Hazards? / Meltem Şenol Balaban

It’s been 20 years since the 1999 earthquakes, known as the biggest disaster in the recent history of Turkey. Although important steps have been taken and there has been progress over the past years, the author, considering the year 2019 a significant milestone, emphasizes the importance of approaching the disaster risk profiles of cities with the assistance of current information and technological developments and of taking urgent action to reduce disaster risks.

Fissures and Plentitudes: The 23,5 Hrant Dink Site of Memory / Aslıhan Günhan

The 23.5 Hrant Dink Memorial Site, named after the column written by Hrant Dink titled “23.5 April”, was opened on 17 June 2019 within the formerly operational offices of Agos in the Sebat Building. The writer recounts her experiences in this memory site, which she defines as “remembering without monumentalizing, sharing without fixating, and always aimed at growing.”

FILE: AN OXYMORON: THE GOVERNMENT'S LOVE FOR THE ENVIRONMENT

Escape from Crisis to Crisis: Turkey’s Worsening Environmental Crisis / Osman Balaban

Civil Society and Environmental Policy in Turkey / Defne Gönenç

It’s Architecture’s Turn. Right Now! / Ayşen Ciravoğlu

The environment is now a legitimate part of the struggle of the opposition and its discourse is a political production, just as space is a sociopolitical production. We are aware that the issue is no longer a mere tree; rather, it concerns liberal policies and liberating practices. It revolves around the organization of a legitimate democratic front by maintaining an oppositional struggle all across a wide span of territory, starting from Gezi Park, the METU Kavaklık area, Kazdağları, Salda Lake, Munzur Stream and all the way up to Hasankeyf. From this perspective, our dossier deals with the environmental problem through three articles covering different aspects. Osman Balaban's article discusses how environmental problems have become a global environmental crisis and underlines that in the background there are structural crises inherent to capitalism. The second article focuses on the neo-liberal politics that fuel the environmental crisis and the major opposition organizations battling the capitalist production regime: Defne Gönenç combines processes and methods challenging power with archetypes of urban opposition and struggle. Finally, Ayşen Ciravoğlu traces the environmental problem in the urban and architectural space. The article discusses those ideological expansions necessary for the formation of a socialist rhetoric through environmental and nature-centered architectural practices. In short, our dossier aims at keeping the discussions on an issue that has become an environmental crisis up to date, stressing that the bound between environment and politics is also important for us architects.

ARCHITECTURE IN THE CONDITION OF THE CRISIS

Young Architects and the Construction Sector at a Loose End: Situations, Problems, New Existences / Anıl Korkmaz

The financial bottleneck in the construction sector stands as a looming block in front of all those architects who have just started working. The author gives us a closer look at what architects, who are trying to plan their future in this troubled environment, are going through; and emphasizes that the best way to be stronger is to remain close to each other.

ARCHITECTURAL CRITICISM

In Praise of Lounging Around Izmir: The Bostanlı Pedestrian Bridge & Sunset Terrace / Şebnem Yücel

The Bostanlı Pedestrian Bridge & Sunset Terrace received the Building / Environment (Public Place Design) Category Award at the National Architecture Awards of 2018 “thanks to its successful design solution: the pedestrian bridge increases the accessibility and provides a public area for people to enjoy the sunset on the coast of Bostanlı – which is located on the İzmir coastline, with the port positioned in the center, and where the two growing sides of the port are settlements in development-”.The writer of this article argues that the project has quietly amounted to a significant improvement in the lives of the people of Izmir “by thoroughly understanding the city and the land and by focusing not on transforming things radically but on beautifying them”.

COMMEMORATION PROGRAMME: NEZİH ELDEM

Remembering Nezih Eldem

“He Would Fight to the End with Determination for Everything He Knew He Was Right” / Mine Doruk

“He Would Bring Together Architecture and Teaching” / Sema Soygeniş, Murat Soygeniş

We continue remembering Nezih Eldem, one of the unforgettable teachers of the ITU Building Information Chair, thanks to the contributions of his former students and assistants, under the title of Commemoration Programme.

PRESERVATION / REVITALISATION

The Cover-Up: How was the Monument to Humanity Demolished? / Zeynep Aktüre

After the 31 March 2019 Local elections, three important pieces of news arrived from Kars. At the beginning of May, the General Secretary of the Kars Special Provincial Administration initiated a tender for the construction work of a “Conservation Oriented Zoning and Urban Design Project for Kars City Center”. In mid-May, because of a debt of 338 million Turkish Lira left by the previous government of the MHP party to the current one, the municipality of Kars has had its assets repossessed, including the office supplies. This was presented by the media with the headline “The chair of the Kars Mayor Ayhan Bilgen was repossessed”. In mid-July, we read on the news that the sculptor Mehmet Aksoy has won a lawsuit at the Constitutional Court that he had issued against the President of the Republic of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, asking for a reparation of 10.000 Turkish Lira for the mental damage caused by the politician’s referring to him as a “freak” in regards to the construction of his Monument to Humanity during the politician’s presidency in 8 January 2011, when the work was under construction on the Uçler Hills. In this article, after stressing the intersection between these three important news items which brought Kars to the forefront, the writer draws attention to the little-known instrumentality of the Turkish conservation legislation in the case of the destruction of the Monument to Humanity.

CULTURAL HERITAGE IN DANGER

The Colorful Heritage of Anatolia beneath the Ownership Problem: the Bayat Mosque / Jülide Öz

In this chapter of Cultural Heritage In Danger, a series which began in our 405th issue, Jülide Öz wrote a piece on the Bayat Mosque, located in the Çivril District of Denizli.

FROM THE READERS

A Criticism of Criticism: Being (un)Able to Discuss the Istanbul Design Biennial / Şölen Köseoğlu

Nizam Onur Sönmez opened the doors to discussions on the 4th İstanbul Design Biennial with his article “A Manager of Managers: Why We Don't Need Design Education and a Biennial Anymore” in our 404th issue. In this text, which is an answer to Sönmez's position, the Design Biennial - regarded as “an experiment and thought-sharing platform with great opportunities and no alternatives”- is examined by the writer from past to present.

URBAN PLANNING

Interpreting Hermann Jansen’s Planning Principles through the Gaziantep City Plan / Feyza Kuyucu, Yasemen Say Özer

The writers, focusing on the planning efforts which took place in Gaziantep and were part of the developments blossoming after the promulgation of the Turkish Republic, study how Hermann Jansen, who planned several cities, shaped the development of the city of Gaziantep through his planning decisions.

URBAN HISTORY

The Historical Artery of Dubai: Khor Dubai / Methiye Gül Çöteli

Khor Dubai is the oldest settlement in the region and played an important role in the maintaining of commercial activities and social interactions prior to the transformation of the city. The author, by recalling the urban biography of the bay before the advent of oil, presents assessments concerning the “Dubai Historical District Project” aimed at revitalizing the waterfront.

ARCHITECTURE OF THE REPUBLICAN PERIOD

The Identification Photos of the “New Architecture” On/Via ARKİTEKT / Çağla Ercanlı, Gökçeçiçek Savaşır

The magazine covers, which reflect the architecture of their period with objective photographs, come across as an apparatus of representation for architecture: an important actor in getting ideologies across society and facilitating their internalization. The writers, who study the cover photos of Arkitekt journal published between 1931 and 1940, analyze the relationship between a changing regime and a society undergoing transformation in the republican period via photographic representations that can be reproduced and mass-consumed.

CONTACT

The Ambiguous Places of the City / Zeynep Didem Ödemiş

The exhibition “Inside-Outside”, organized by the Swiss architecture office :mlzd in the Architecture Gallery of Berlin, appears as an urban landmark which has attracted the attention of the inhabitants of the Karl-Marx-Allee boulevard. The giant stairs cascading down the exhibition area and out into the street, besides being a place which at a first glance connects the street with the exhibition, occupy the whole area by scrapping their main function and becoming a seating area that welcomes passers-by all the while overflowing the place.

Bu icerik 722 defa görüntülenmiştir.