MİMARLIK
386
KASIM-ARALIK 2015
 
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MİMARLIK DÜNYASINDAN

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KÜNYE
İNGİLİZCE ÖZET / ENGLISH SUMMARY

Mimarlık 386. November-December 2015

MİMARLIK AGENDA

Dynamics of Migration and its Socio-Spatial Reflections in Turkey / Asuman Türkün

The great migration waves, occurring at different periods with effects of various global and local dynamics, have caused the emergence of many colourful social mosaics and hybrid cultures, besides the traces remained till today, melded with pain and suffering. The author presents a focused survey to the history of migration in Turkey.

COMMEMORATION

A Letter to Niyazi Duranay / Yücel Gürsel, Güven Birkan

Having graduated from DGSA in 1953, Niyazi Duranay became a founding member of the Chamber of Architects in 1954 and became the president of the Chamber’s İstanbul Branch in various periods starting from 1961. The obituary of Duranay, who has passed away in August 30th, 2015 is written by Yücel Gürsel and Güven Birkan.

In the Pursuit of Architect Ziya Payzın / Leyla Alpagut

Former TBMM (Grand National Assembly of Turkey) Deputy Secretary General, Ziya Payzın, has worked together with the Austrian architect Clemens Holzmeister in the construction office during the building of the 3rd Grand National Assembly. Payzın, has completed this monumental building successfully following the return of Holzmeister back to his country in 1948 and leaving all the control of the office to the hands of Payzın. The commemoration for the architect is written by Leyla Alpagut upon his death on September 10th, 2015.

A Farewell to Prof. Dr. Erol Kulaksızoğlu / Mete Tapan

Erol Kulaksızoğlu, being one of the academic staff actively fought against the transformation of Historical Taşkışla Building to a hotel rather than used as the department of architecture building of İTU, has also carried out administrative duties at various periods in the Chamber of Architects. Besides his academic interest on building technology in design, he also continued to research on architectural education and used every opportunity to share his ideas on the issue at every discussion platform. He passed away on September 29th, 2015, the farewell to the architect is written by Mete Tapan.

AGENDA

Revenge-ist Architecture of the AKP Period / Ali Uzay Peker

Architecture, being one of the tools for demonstrating the presence and power of the government, assumes a new identity with each new administration that comes to power. The author evaluating on the effects of 13 years of AKP government to the city and architecture of the country, explains the change through the concept of “revenge-ism”. He further states that the cities that are regarded as “Westernised” at the beginning of the 20th century, are re-conquered with a “conservative” aim.

EVENTS

Two Exhibitions Two Play / Ground / Ayşen Ciravoğlu

The author sharing her views on two different events, the Brutalist Playground exhibition in RIBA and the Serpentine Pavilion that took place in London this summer, conveys her personal experiences through evaluations on the notions of play and tactility within the exhibitions.

On the 3rd National Architectural Conservation Projects and Applications Symposium / Zeynep Ahunbay

Held in the memory of Assoc. Prof. Dr. Emre Madran, 3rd National Architectural Conservation Projects and Applications Symposium that took place in Eskişehir, is evaluated by Zeynep Ahunbay. The author, while presenting brief notes from the presentations in the symposium, emphasises the significance of these kinds of professional meetings in offering a platform for getting informed about each other and for creating a synergy towards bringing out solutions to common problems.

Belonging to Place Rather than Being Local / Neslihan Şık

The author evaluates the exhibition, organised in the scope of National Architecture Exhibition Sinan Award Programme, “Belonging to Place: Architecture of Ersen Gürsel” exhibition, which was opened on the World Architecture Day; October 5th, in İstanbul Metropolitan Branch of Chamber of Architects, and which offers sections from the professional life of the 2014 award-winning architect Ersen Gürsel.

COMMEMORATION PROGRAMME: EGLI

An Open-air School Design from the Chief Architect of the Ministry of Education, Prof. Dr. Ernst A. Egli / A. Duygu Kaçar

In the early years of the Republic the area allocated to Atatürk Forest Farm (AOÇ), was regarded as a modernisation project, which will be designed as a large campus involving spaces for agriculture, industry and entertainment. The author reveals Egli’s ideas in the planning of the site, whose borders and functions have become a controversial issue today. In the urban plans proposed by the architect in early 1930s, the site was proposed to act as a “public park”, which according to the author, can be considered as an open-air school, for cultivating the young generations, citizens and villagers.

PROFESSIONAL ETHICS

Discussion on Ethics and Architecture: Addressing the “State and Progress” of Profession / Arif Şentek

The notion of “ethics”, as a significant issue, draws attention to the differences between “to be able to do” and “to do” and whether one can legitimize the other. The author focusing on the current debates, prefers to discuss the issue through the use of basic terminology, rather than discussing it in the light of abstract notions, and presents his evaluations by referring to “state & progress”, which is a name once given to the evaluation of “ethics” in the report cards given to students in the elementary school.

COMPETITION

İzmir Konak Municipality Service Building and Its Surroundings Architectural Design Competition

Announced by İzmir Konak Municipality, the single-staged and national İzmir Konak Municipality Service Building and its Surroundings Architectural Design Competition aimed to achieve projects for the municipality building that can contribute to the understanding of contemporary, participatory and transparent municipality services, and act as a catalyst for achieving accessibility and be inspirational for the physical and social development of the region. The building which is going to be achieved by the competition was expected to initiate a regional development through the relations it sets with its immediate environment. Among 72 projects submitted to the evaluation, 3 awards and 5 honorary mention awards were distributed.

Gaziemir Aktepe and Emrez Neighbourhoods Urban Transformation Architectural Design Competition

Opened by İzmir Metropolitan Municipality, the architectural design competition aimed to achieve projects that include a series of decisions covering a wide range of planning and design ideas consisting of different scales of intervention starting from dwelling, building, neighbourhood, region and extending to their reflections at urban scale, for urban transformation areas approximately 122 hectares in size, in Gaziemir, Aktepe and Emrez neighbourhoods. The competition, announced as national and two-staged, also aimed for initiating an urban environment that respects to human rights and offers a higher life quality. Among the 31 projects submitted to the competition, 5 equivalent awards and 5 equivalent honorary mention awards were distributed.

Antalya Municipality of Kepez Focus Building Architectural and Landscape Project Ideas Competition

Opened in the coordination of Kepez Municipality and the Chamber of Architects Antalya Branch, the competition aimed at receiving design ideas for a focus building or a group of buildings, which can strengthen the urban identity while regarding sustainability and can have a place in the urban memory in rapidly developing Kepez region, located at the gulf of Antalya with a dominant position in the city. The projects are expected to meet the natural and cultural recreational needs of citizens and to develop as an integral part of its surrounding. The ideas competition was announced to be national and single-staged. In the final evaluation 3 awards and 5 equivalent honorary mention awards were distributed.

FROM RURAL / CITY

Muratlı: A Republican Village / Zeynep Eres

Located 30km north of Tekirdağ, Muratlı was a little village in the Ottoman era, however with the arrival of the railway at the northern part of the village in the last quarter of the 19th century, it has developed to become one of the largest exemplar villages of the Thrace region in the Republican period. Today the village has become a central district. The author analyses the village, which is one of the exemplar realisations of the “ideal Republican village”.

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

A New Generation Summer House: Mi’Costa / Şebnem Yücel

While moving our urban lives to summer houses rapidly, we fuel an “unplanned” urban development in our coastal regions, getting them filled with architectural work lacking any quality but only realised in order to meet the demand. The author analysing Mi’Costa building, one of the noteworthy architectural examples and 2014 National Architecture Awards nominee in “Building Category”, draws attention to the plain lines and modern architectural language of the building as its characteristic differing the design from its surroundings.

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

“Tragedy of Listening”: Prometheus Concert Hall / Devrim Işıkkaya

Can architectural design, when it comes to the execution of performance, reshape the network of relationships that have been accepted or already ongoing for years? The author, focusing on the Prometheus Concert Hall, designed in the scope of 1983 Venice Biennale, evaluates how the project by reversing the conventional plan-programme organisation scheme in a revolutionary manner, offers a unique experience to its visitors, by carrying the performer-audience interaction to another level.

CONSERVATION – REVITALISATION

Physical, Social and Cultural Effects of Architectural Conservation Practices: İzmir Church of Hagia Voukolos / Hümeyra Birol Akkurt

The discipline of conservation, rather than dealing with the “revival” of individual buildings, calls for a holistic approach that requires interdisciplinary work. The author, while analysing the conservation work of Church of Hagia Voukolos in İzmir, discusses whether the physical endurance of the building, which has a significant place in the urban memory, is sufficient for the sustainability of the identity of place and cultural values, or not.

ARCHITECTURE OF THE REPUBLICAN PERIOD

A Modern Architectural Heritage in İzmir: Yamanlar Sanatorium / N. Ebru Karabağ Aydeniz, Begüm Erdoğmuş Manav

Sanatorium buildings, once heavily used, are now completely abandoned with the change of treatment methods. This building typology, besides having a place in collective memory, bears the traces of a period, yet has remained as a subject left unstudied and didn't produce enough research. The authors evaluating on Yamanlar Sanatorium, a small-scaled example of rationalist-purist approach, draw attention to the fact that this building is one of the earliest examples of international style in İzmir. They also state the need to take necessary actions in bringing the site back to urban life.

A Story of Construction and Destruction: Ankara Sports and Exhibition Hall (1957-1958) / Hilal Tuğba Örmecioğlu

The year was 1974. Following the competition for the new stadium of Ankara the project of the winning team, proposing the building of a vault, was decided to be built out of concrete due to economic conditions of the era. However the construction of the reinforced concrete shell, as a “new” idea not practiced in Turkey as yet, had the opportunity to present itself and its technology within a short period like nine months. The author addressing the life cycle of the building draws attention to the question and prejudices raised upon its demolition.

BOOK REVIEW

Politics and Architecture: Ernst Egli and the Search for Modernism in Turkey (1927-1940) / Ali Cengizkan

The first publication of the Commemoration Programme: Ernst Egli is released from the Chamber of Architects Publications.

CONTACT

Temporary Dormitory Project in Thailand / Şirvan Kaya

Thailand, receives large number of migrants from the neighbouring country Myanmar due to ongoing conflicts in the country. In order to find solutions to problems related to accommodation and education, the country has built fast and low-cost dormitory structures. The author discussing the project in detail evaluates the sustainability of the structures built by recyclable materials.

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