Mimarlık 366. July-August 2012


Interventions to Professional Policy / Eyüp Muhcu

In recent years there are efforts carried out systematically to “disable, neutralize, and liquidate” professional chambers, which devote their work on “public and social benefit”, by the government and certain “unearned market income” circles. President of the Chamber of Architects stresses that these regulations, which are clearly against democracy, general policy and related laws, conducted by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation, will cause the eradication of the professional filed, annihilation of earned professional rights and practice conditions and usurp architects’ authorship and copyrights.


YENİKAPI PROJECTS: Archaeological Space as an Urban Abyss, Boundary and Design Method / Namık Erkal

Yenikapı is the new hub of Marmaray Project at the European side; the project which will connect the two sides of Bosporus by a rail tunnel travelling across.  As is well known, during excavations of the project the most important archaeological remains of recent years have been discovered, one is the Byzantine Port of Theodosius and the other is one of the world’s substantial collection of medieval ships.  Thus, the discussion on the form of urban intervention to the area, which should be handled with great delicacy, was carried to another level. Invited competition for the planning of Yenikapı is finalised recently. The author evaluates the projects submitted to the competition by focussing on how project authors approached to the issues of urban archaeology and historical reservoir of the city, including the subject of archaeo-park.


On the Law and Implementation Problems of the Transformation of the Areas under Disaster Risk / Fevzi Özlüer

The Law about the Transformation of the Areas under Disaster Risk, entered into force on May 31, 2012.  The law reveals its true nature and real purpose as it comprises rural and urban areas that actually are not under risk of disaster. While all legal obstacles in the demolishment and forceful evacuation of buildings are removed in order to transform these areas into new real estate income areas, the laws that protect natural, cultural and environmental values are disabled.  The author states that this new law, interwoven in a network of concepts, gives a new market value to the risk of natural disasters. He further underlines the problems that will surface in the course of implementation of the Law.  


National Architecture Exhibition and Awards, as a Tool in Drawing the Big Picture of Participation and Declaring the Value of Architectural Practice in Turkey

In April 2012, National Architecture Exhibition and Awards completed its 13th cycle. In the previous issue we published the award winning, nominated projects and evaluations of the selection committee. All these information is also available online at www.mo.org.tr/ulusalsergi. Afife Batur, Celal Abdi Güzer, Hüseyin Kahvecioğlu and Doğan Tekeli came together to evaluate on the rich panorama presented by the Awards Programme.  


Business Development Zones as a New Tool in the Privatisation of Public Space: The Transformation of Talimhane / Dilek Özdemir, Dicle Kızıldere

Providing financial support to services, which cannot be fulfilled by local governments, from other service providers in the area, is a method named Business Development Zones (IGB) and its only example in Turkey is the hotels district in Beyoğlu, Talimhane.  The issue is discussed through the criticism towards the tendency of the state in promoting the use of this method, which can be seen as a gentrification, rather than controlling it by referring to the influences of these zones on public space such as; neglecting the public for the sake of increasing the value of the real estate and capital accumulation in urban space, preference towards a non-user-oriented urban design projects that disregard the use value and the criteria of liveability.   


Event-Cities: A New Contextual Architectural Terminology/ Gülşah Güleç

Due to increasing interdisciplinary relations and developing technology in particular the understanding of design under constant renewal from the past century to today, has changed the contextual architecture in the first place. Tschumi, who directs his discourse and design aproach with the concept of “event”, carried the discussions on the context, in the beginning of 2000, to another level. With the Event-Cities series, he not only proposed a new architectural language, but also new design strategies. Thus urban context, freed from acting as a reductive force for new buildings through historical perspective or procurement for formal limitations, became an experience presenting diverse design potentials.


The Village Captivated by the Capital: BACIKÖY / Ali Cengizkan

Located 50km from Ankara, Baciköy, which is pushed to be a district of Temelli, a region of Sincan, is in reality a Seljuk settlement. Today its population is almost ceased to exist. Besides the historical mosque and tomb at the hill, located in the middle of the characteristic basin form of the village, the sod houses and extensions, either outstretched at the foothills of the basin’s inner face or stand at the neighbourhoods of the village, are only a few habitable houses remained today. The author refers to the elements bringing out the traditions and daily life of the recent past of the village and to the transformations it has undergone, briefly.  


Bursa Orhangazi Square and Environment Urban Design Competition

The competition aimed at re-designing the Orhangazi Square and its surroundings, which is a common visiting spot of citizens of Bursa and local foreign tourists visiting the city, in harmony with the historical values and in the service of users’ needs. The square is expected to become a place that is alive both night-and-day. A total of 61 projects were submitted to the competition that intends appraising different perspectives in acquiring a project for the square, which is significant for urban identity, adjustable to today’s needs and presenting a contemporary vision to the region. The jury announced 3 awards, 5 honourable mentions and 5 purchase awards.


The Use of Space in Yeşilçam Movies/ Didem Akyol Altun, İnci Uzun

The use of space in Turkish movies, which were produced between the years 1960-1975 and also known as “Yeşilçam Cinema”, is a topic that has not been subjected to many research and has not analysed thoroughly. The authors convey the relation of space with the narrative, the visual organisation and symbolic representations in spatial organisations in Yeşilçam movies from a framework which focuses on the search of cultural identity in the modernisation process after Republican period and the opposition of traditional-modern, in Turkey.


The Fisherman of Halicarnassus and his Contributions to his Exile Place, Bodrum / Devrim Yücel Besim

Cevat Şakir Kabaağaçlı, who is known as “The Fisherman of Halicarnassus”, is an important name in Turkish literature and his name is identified with Bodrum / as he also took his nick-name from ancient region.  With the unforgettable memories he gave to Bodrum, during his exile in 1925, he can be counted as the initial  “environmentalist” of our country. The author, reveals the contributions of the Fisherman of Halicarnassus, in the city, where traces are still visible.


The Lifetime and Restoring Techniques of Exposed Concrete Buildings / Aslı Er Akan, Hilal Tuğba Örmecioğlu

Brutalism, which defends the self-exposition of every component in the use of building materials, affected the widespread use of exposed concrete in Turkey in late 1950s. Buildings made out of concrete, symbolic building technique of modern architecture and engineering, are more than half a century old and in worn condition today. Buildings, which have completed their life cycle, should be restored carefully by evaluating the damages and caring for the integrity of the historical structures, and they should be subject to adaptive reuse and rehabilitation. The authors emphasise the reasons behind the damages that exposed concrete buildings face and possible restoring methods.  


Green Accommodation / Rüksan Tuna

Hotels and holiday resorts are the buildings/ settlements, which take the first place in terms of energy consumption.  This branch of service sector, which has generated an internal accounting system, turns most of the used resources into waste. Green Building Councils, founded with an aim to prevent this regulation, undertake incentive roles with certificates given to the building and the use of less energy consuming structures. The author besides emphasising the hotels, which are entitled to receive certificates in Europe and America, also refers to the examples in Turkey.


Immigrant Settlement Policies in the Republican Period:  Ankara Varlık Neighbourhood as a Case Study / Nuray Bayraktar, Murat Özden

“Internal and external immigrations “are among the subjects that recurrently played a part in the agenda of the country, during the Republican period. Arkitekt, which is an important source of the period, includes a variety of possible solutions to housing policies alongside diverse discussions on the subject. The authors evaluate the housing policies and practices on the state of immigration, resulting large mass migrations during Republican period, through the example of Ankara Varlık neighbourhood.


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